Panchgavya-Description Based On Scriptures And Modern Research

| (Panchagavya Meaning) | (Panchagavya Preparation) |

Panchagavya is considered to be a highly effective liquid organic manure. It has multiple functions and can effectively replace chemical fertilizers and pesticides.


Preparation (Method to prepare Cow PanchGavya)


Panchagavya can be prepared as follows:-

In a wide mouthed mud vessel, put five litres of cowdung slurry, three litres of cow’s urine, two litres of cow’s milk, two litres if curd prepared from cow’s milk and one litre of cow’s ghee. Mix these ingredients thoroughly and the mouth of the vessel must be covered with a clean cloth for ensuring aeration for the fermenting unit. The vessel with contents must be placed in a shady place. The ingredients must be mixed thoroughly with hand every day in the morning and evening for 10 – 15 days. It can be stored and used for the next 30 days. Before spraying on plants, three litres of panchagavya may be mixed with 100 litres of water. Since ghee does not dissolve easily, power sprayer is the best option for spraying.

Effect Of Panchgavya Manure On Plant Growth

Many farmers from their experience revealed the growth promoting effect of panchagavya, especially in the cultivation of rice, mango etc. Moreover, it helps to preserve the quality of crops, soil and environment. It contains several micro and macro nutrients, beneficial microorganisms like bacteria and fungi which promote plant growth.

An Effective Pest Repellant

Panchagavya also acts as an effective pest repellant. Spraying Panchagavya is highly effective in controlling the fruit fly menace in mango trees.

Other Effects

Moreover, gir cow panchagavya along with vermicompost has been observed to enhance the quantity and quality of fruits in mango. Vermicompost @10 kg and one litre panchagavya diluted in 30 litres of water must be sprayed over the crown (foliage ) and at the base of trees of bearing age. Panchagavya alone may be sprayed at the crown and base before the flowering for enhancing the blooming process. The spraying must be repeated at 15-20 days interval till the flowers turn into small fruits. Then the spraying must be repeated at monthly interval. This treatment is highly effective for improving the size, number and color of fruits. Moreover, this organic treatment of vermi compost and panchagavya help the trees to be large leaves forming a profuse canopy and dense rooting system. The taste and shelf life also could be improved by this practice.

Modern Research And Findings On Panchgavya Manure

Studies conducted at Agricultural Universities of India, revealed the efficiency of panchagavya to improve yield attributes, grain yield and economics of cultivation.

Moreover, parameters like grain size, 1000 grain weight and milling quality and cooking qualities like cooking time, volume expansion ratio and water absorption ratio. Also, higher sensory scores were obtained as compared to the recommended NPK through chemical fertilisers.

Panchagavya enhances growth and induces quick flowering, besides imparting resistance to pests and diseases.

It also helps to advance this maturity of crops. In commercial flowers crops like jasmine, it ensures continuous flowering. Spraying two rounds of panchagavya one before the flower initiation and another during pod / fruit setting phase is providing quick flowering and thereby increases the productivity. In jasmine it ensures continuous flowering. In moringa with synchronized flowering and doubled the yield of Moringa pods. It can be used for groundnut, turmeric and many other crops. Seed materials also can be treated by soaking tem in panchagavya for about 2 hours. Seedlings can be dipped in this for few minutes to wet their root zone before planting.

The uniqueness of panchagavya is that it provides growth promoting hormones and immunity boosters for plants.

This can be used for seed/sapling treatments and also to control the spread of seed borne diseases. Panchagavya may be applied for any crop and the application period is very important and hence it must be carefully planned.

Adding panchagavya during the composting process helps to improve the quality of compost. Using panchagavya also helps to increase the yield and quality of the products. Compared to chemical fertilisers, this is less expensive and more ecofriendly with no side effects.

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